March 12, 2021

Diabetes research

Diabetes is an active area of study for Kaiser Permanente Research. We have published more than 840 articles related to this topic over the past decade.

This brief summarizes the contributions of Kaiser Permanente Research on the topic of diabetes since 2007, including type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 30.3 million people in the United States — more than 9% of the population — are living with diabetes, and an additional 34% of U.S. adults have prediabetes.1

The prevalence of both diabetes (25%) and prediabetes (48%) is higher among adults age 65 or older than among those under age 65.



Publications related to diabetes since 2007

1,140 Journal Articles, 55K Citations (a), 335 Practice Guideline References (b), 112 Clinical Decision Aid References (c)

Source: Kaiser Permanente Publications Library and PLUM metrics, as of October 19, 2020.

a. Number of citing journal articles, according to Scopus.
b. Number of references in PubMed guidelines.
c. Citations in DynaMed Plus, a point-of-care clinical reference tool. 

Diabetes is an active area of study for Kaiser Permanente Research. Scientists across the organization have used our rich, comprehensive, longitudinal data to advance understanding of risk, improving patient outcomes, and translating research findings into policy and practice. We have published more than 1,100 articles related to diabetes since 2007; together, they have been cited approximately 55,000 times.2

These articles are the product of observational studies, randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and other studies led by Kaiser Permanente scientists. The unique environment — which includes our fully integrated care and coverage model — in which our research scientists, clinicians, medical groups, and health plan leaders collaborate enables us to contribute generalizable knowledge on diabetes and many other topics of research.



  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2017 National Diabetes Statistics Report. Atlanta, GA: Author; 2017.
  2. KPPL Search, conducted on July 24, 2019: (dc.title:diabet* OR dc.title:prediabet* OR dc.title:pre-diabet* OR dc.title:”SUPREME-DM” OR dc.subject.mesh:”diabetes mellitus” OR dc.subject.mesh:”diabetes complications” OR dc.subject.mesh:”diabetes, gestational” OR dc.subject.mesh:”prediabetic state”) AND (dc.type:”Journal Article”) AND ([2007 2019]).